I remember the lesson on 17th of March is conducted by Dr. Noor Dayana. This day, Dr. Noordayana did some revision on the three main learning theories that we have learnt during our undergraduate years. They are Behaviourism, Constructivism and Cognitivism. Apart from that, we also brainstormed and discussed the learning strategies or teaching approaches that can be implemented in our classroom.
Below is the summary from our lesson on the three main learning theories as well as the learning strategies or teaching approaches.
A) The three primary learning theories:
- Behaviourism – Emphasize on the behaviour, stimulus-response, reward or positive reinforcement as well as drill and practice.
- Constructivism – Emphasize on prior knowledge, construction of new knowledge by students and they involve in meaningful learning.
- Cognitivism – Emphasize on cognitive, comprehension begins from easy to complex, as well as the adoption of mnemonic, mind map and chunking for effective learning.
B) The Example of Learning Strategies/ Teaching Approaches:
- Deductive/ Inductive Approach
- Collaborative Learning
- Blended Learning
- Cooperative Learning
- Inquired Based Learning
- Scenario Learning
- Mastery Learning
- Problem-Based Learning
- Case Study and etc.
***For inquiry based learning, there are four steps to be undertaken:
- Arouse the curiousity of the students.
- Require students to make a hypothesis.
- Require students to investigate the problem.
- Finally, students need to do the reflection on their learning. Most probably on the hypothesis and the conclusion that they made.
That’s all for the lesson. Thanks for reading 🙂