My Sixth Reflection on 12 May

Today, our class is conducted by Dr. Noor Dayana. Our topic for today’s lesson is ‘Ethics and Issues Related in Social Media’. In this lesson, we are required to read as much as possible on the ethics and issues in  social media and then each of us needs to share what we have read to all of our classmates.

Hence, I would like to give some brief understanding of mine for our lesson in the following:

Got ethics


1. What is ethics?

In fact, there are quite a number of answers for the word ‘ethics’. For example, they can be moral, knowing how to differentiate between the right and the wrong, the standard rules and regulation set by a certain authorities and so forth.


2. What it takes to be ethical in new media or social media?

It is one’s responsibilities towards society including setting professional standards when applying information such as accuracy, objectivity and privacy of their reporting.


3. The examples of being ethical in Accuracy, Objectivity and Privacy  of their reporting

a) The example of Accuracy is that the reporters who share their news in the social media ought to report and spread the accurate news that will not cause social disruption. If not, people will get frustrated or feel like being cheated if they react upon the fake news. Besides that, they should have predicted that the societal intervention will be made by certain individual or authorities towards their action.

b) The example of Objectivity is that the authors or the journalists who share their written news via virtual platform should express their ideas in a diverse point of view so that the readers will not see any prejudice of the authors towards any groups or parties. Moreover, the authors or journalists ought to allow the audience to react to their ideas in different point of views as well especially in our democratic country. In doing so, the peace and harmony in our country can be remained.

c) The example of Privacy is the exposed of the personal information of the social media users like telephone number, home address, check-in places, date of birth and etc. If some syndicate or culprits obtain this information, they will utilize these information to involve in some immoral activities such as hacking the bank account, generating fake information based on the private information of an individual and etc. Hence, it is advisable to be reserved in  some of our important personal details so that we are not exposed to such dangers.


All in all, possessing ethical codes is tremendously vital in our life, not only in social media. With good ethics, we will be more considerate towards others and beware of each and every action that we are going to commit; with this too, our society will be a better place for us to live. Therefore, as good citizens, we should always carry this value wherever we go.

That’s all for the lesson. Thanks for reading 🙂

Thanks, Dr Noor Dayana and Dr. Nora for teaching us 🙂 All the best 😀


My Fifth Reflection on 14th April

I remember this lesson is conducted by Dr. Noor Dayana. Our lesson is about the 3 types of engagement in online community of inquiry namely  Social Presence, Cognitive Presence and Teaching Presence. In the lesson, we also learnt how to do use Google Slides to work collaboratively in finding information and completing the task on ‘The Types of Engagement in Online Community of Inquiry’.

Moving on, I will briefly summarize what I understand about the 3 types of the engagement learnt earlier on, from Social Presence, Cognitive Presence to Teaching Presence:

Types of Engagement1. Social Presence

  • Social presence is defined as “the ability of one’s self and establish personal and purposeful relationship” (Garrison, n.d.).
  • The 3 aspects are emphasized here which are effective communication, open communication and group cohesion.
  • Hence, from the yellow circle above, social presence involves the risk-free expression and encourages collaboration.

2. Cognitive Presence

  • Cognitive Presence is defined as “the exploration, construction, resolution and confirmation of understanding through collaboration and reflection in a community of Inquiry”(Garrison, n.d.).
  • In fact, there are four phases for cognitive presence namely (1) Triggering Event: The sense of puzzlement of students (2) Exploration: Through information exchange (3)Integration: Through connecting ideas and (4) Resolution: Through applying new ideas.
  • This can be seen in the pink circle shown above.

3. Teaching Presence

  • Teaching presence has 3 clear categories which are Design, Facilitation and Direct Instruction.
  • Teaching presence is crucial to ensure online successful learning.
  • It is supported that “interaction and discourse plays a key role in higher-order learning but not without structure (design) and leadership (facilitation and direction).
  • The design (curriculum, goals, method) poses a great influence on how the students perceive other components of teaching presence.
  • It is shown in the green circle above.

Hence, from the chart depicted above, we can see the 3 types of engagement are actually correlated so as to provide an educational experience for the students via online learning. This community of inquiry framework indeed provides a beneficial tool and approach for teachers and students to teach and learn online.

That’s all for the lesson. Thanks for reading  🙂 


4. My Fourth Reflection on 31 March

This day is our last lesson before the mid semester break 🙂 I remember this class is conducted by Dr. Nora. On this day, we are required to comment and provide feedback for our group project’s first draft. So, each group analysed, commented and presented on the limitation of other group’s first draft. After each group has presented their ideas on improving the draft, Dr. Nora provided her comments as well for the particular group to think and improvise on their initial draft.

For our group, we need quite a number of improvisation too.This is because we are lacking of problem statement, the aspects of learning process that need to be improved, the learning objective of using Padlet and the feasibility of our project objective.


Hence, after the class, my group discussed in our Whatsapp group and collaboratively work together  in Google Docs to compose and edit the write-up proposal. Below are what the details that we added on for our revised version:

 1. Problem Statement:

  • Students have difficulties to get the main idea from the title of essay of given.
  • Students have difficulties to give full cooperation in a group activity.
  • Students nowadays who are technology savvy have less attention span in a traditional classroom.

 2. The Aspects of Learning Process that Need to Be Improved:

  • Generating ideas using brainstorming method.
  • Learning to compose the framework of an essay given in a collaborative manner.
  • The short attention and retention span of the knowledge learnt.

 3. The learning objectives of using Padlet:

  • Able to generate the framework of an essay appropriately using Padlet.
  • Able to state the four main ideas of the title of the essay given.
  • Able to prepare at least six supporting details for the framework of the essay.

  4. The feasibility of our project objective: 

  • Yes, our group member, Kak Mastina did a pilot test to try the teaching and learning tool, Padlet on her students and it works.

Here, I would like to thank our friends and Dr. Nora’s feedback so that we can improve       on our first draft and proceed with the write-up proposal 🙂

3. My Third Reflection on 17th March


I remember the lesson on 17th of March is conducted by Dr. Noor Dayana. This day, Dr. Noordayana did some revision on the three main learning theories that we have learnt during our undergraduate years. They are Behaviourism, Constructivism and Cognitivism. Apart from that, we also brainstormed and discussed the learning strategies or teaching approaches that can be implemented in our classroom.

Below is the summary from our lesson on the three main learning theories as well as the learning strategies or teaching approaches.learning theories

A) The three primary learning theories: 

  1. Behaviourism –  Emphasize on the behaviour, stimulus-response, reward or positive reinforcement as well as drill and practice.
  2. Constructivism –  Emphasize on prior knowledge, construction of new knowledge by students and they involve in meaningful learning.
  3. Cognitivism – Emphasize on cognitive, comprehension begins from easy to complex, as well as the adoption of mnemonic, mind map and chunking for effective learning.

B) The Example of Learning Strategies/ Teaching Approaches:

  • Deductive/ Inductive Approach
  • Collaborative Learning
  • Blended Learning
  • Cooperative Learning
  • Inquired Based Learning
  • Scenario Learning
  • Mastery Learning
  • Problem-Based Learning
  • Case Study and etc.

***For inquiry based learning, there are four steps to be undertaken:

  1. Arouse the curiousity of the students.
  2. Require students to make a hypothesis.
  3. Require students to investigate the problem.
  4. Finally, students need to do the reflection on their learning. Most probably on the hypothesis and the conclusion that they made.

That’s all for the lesson. Thanks for reading 🙂

2. My Second Reflection on 10th March

I remember the lesson on this day is conducted by Dr. Nora. In fact, this lesson is the extension from last week’s lesson which is on new media. As mentioned earlier, social media is part of new media whereby digital interaction takes place. It is the platform whereby people share, comment and interact with each other.

At the beginning of the lesson, Dr. Nora required us to work in pair. Then, each pair needs to come out with the Powerpoint slides and present on one selected social media of its benefits in teaching and learning in the classroom. At the end of the day, there are six pairs with six different social media presented namely Facebook, Youtube, Instagram, Visual Ranking Tool, Pinterest and Storybird. For this, my partner, Stephanie and I have chosen Instagram as our teaching and learning tool. We plan to teach the Wh- questions to the students by using Instagram. hahaha…Isn’t it interesting?

Hence, below is the summary of the six social media concluded by our fellow friends and Dr. Nora: 

social media

1. Facebook – Facebook group can be utilized, social learning theory can be incorporated and the lecturer as the moderator or facilitator.

2. Youtube – Flipped classroom strategy whereby students can watch the video before                entering the class then they do collaborative learning activities in the classroom.

3. Instagram – Used to teach simple writing, use #hashtag to represent a certain                          category, provide follow up activities or homework and provide peer learning                            environment.

4. Visual Learning Tool – Used to compose a mind map in collaborative learning,                          students can be asked to make a comparison using this tool that can enhance their                Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS).

5. Pinterest– Used for visual learning, creating picture according to theme and finding              information from Pinterest and developing creative learning.

6. Storybird – Used to teach writing in a collaborative way, teacher can introduce new                vocabularies and it’s is fun and interesting to engage students in learning writing.

That’s all for the lesson 🙂 Looking forward to the next one 🙂

Thank you 🙂

1. My First Reflection on 3rd of March 2016


Hi, my beloved lecturers and fellow friends.

Recalling that 3rd of March is my first lesson for Best Practices of Teaching and Learning in New Media. Remembered that day the class was initially conducted by Dr. Noor Dayana, followed by Dr. Nora. In the lesson, Dr. Nora asked us to read the articles and find the differences between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0. Then, we summarized and presented it using Powerpoint with our partner. Finally, Dr. Nora concluded the essence from all of the group presentation and she explained to us what are the differences  as well as some of the characteristics of new media and the examples.

new media

The brief and important points that I have jot down during the lesson are shown in the following:

1.What is new media?

New Media is the on-demand access to content anytime, anywhere on any digital devices as well as involving interactive user feedback and creative participation (cited from Wikipedia). The main key term here is interactive. Besides that, one of the key points highlighted in new media is that the information can be sent from many users to many users instead of one-to-one or one-to-many. In the contrary, the old media is the media that does not require computer technology like television, radio, magazine and etc.

Hence, based on my understanding, Web 2.0 which is also known as the new media utilize the internet technology and the digital interactivity is focused here. Thus, social media can be considered as the new media too. On the other hand, Web 1.0 is not so advanced as Web 2.0 because it evolved earlier than Web 2.0 whereby the content appeared to be read only to the target audience. For example, the commercial shopping website in which the consumers can only read and cannot interact with each other.


2. What is Web 2.0?

  • Defined as the “read-write” web. It provides all the services and applications to allow individuals to co-create content, collaborate and share it with others.
  • Supports user-generated content. The content is created by “users” rather than specialist authors.
  • Encourages the social aspects of web.


3. What are the few examples of Web 2.0?

a) Wikis

  • The writers collaboratively share and edit a body of knowledge.
  • It is an ongoing process of creation and collaboration.
  • It is where the knowledge management takes place.

b) Bookmarking Tools

  • The readers can bookmark the webpages that they like and refer to them anytime later on.
  • For instance,, Digg, StumbleUpon and etc.

c) Blogs

  • The readers can open their own blogs using WordPress, Blogger and etc., to share about their personal life with their friends and people of same interest.
  • The followers of the writer’ blog can comment and interact with him or her, which is a good platform for them to exchange the ideas.

That’s all for the day on the brief introduction of new media and Web 2.0. Let’s move on to the Reflection 2.

6. Socrative: A New Media


Socrative Login Page 

1. What is ‘Socratic method’ to a teacher first of all?

According to the free dictionaries online, ‘Socratic’ means pedagogical technique in which a teacher does not give information directly but instead asks a series of questions,with the result that the student comes either to the desired knowledge by answering the questions or to a deeper awareness of the limits of knowledge.

Hence, this Socrative website is actually a website for the teacher to ask questions to the students. But, of course, they are more functions other than creating questions for the students. I will provide four benefits of using Socrative for instant engagement, as shown in the following:

a)  Instant Feedback 

Teacher can visualize student and whole class understanding in the moment. Student results can also be automatically analysed and tabulated in percentages on the teacher’s screen as soon as they submit answers to multiple choice, true/false, graded short answer, or open-response questions.

feedback 2.png

Feedback Given by The Teacher

b) Personalized Content 

Teacher can design and edit his or her own library of assessments and share them within his or her personal learning network. Even can tag them by Common Core standards.


Personalized Management by the Teacher

c) Reports

Teacher can review student understanding in a variety of report types: whole class overview, student-specific results, or question-by-question breakdown. All the reports can be downloaded, emailed, or delivered to the teacher’s Google Drive folder at any time. They’re also always accessible in the teacher’s reports section of Socrative.

Report 2.png

Reports For Teachers’ Evaluation

d) Compatibility

Socrative is available on iOS Apps, Android Apps, Chrome Apps, Kindle Apps, Windows Apps, and all web browsers making it accessible in all educational technology setting



As shown below is the video on how the teacher can use the Socrative website effectively:

Video on How to Use Socrative Website

Hence, Socrative is beneficial for both teachers and students as they can use any devices to access to the website. However, it is more useful for the teachers to create questions, provide feedback, assess and evaluate the students’ performance. It’s really cool 🙂